How Osteoporosis Is Related to Dental Health

July 12, 2018
dental services

Osteoporosis and tooth loss affect millions of older men and women around the world. It’s a disease that reduces bone mass and density, resulting in an increasingly weak and fragile skeletal structure. The main causes of this disease include:

  • Aging
  • Menopause
  • Lack of calcium and Vitamin D
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking
  • Genetics

Osteoporosis also has a direct link to oral health, and women in their menopausal phase are the most likely to be affected by this disease. The reduction of estrogen production during the menopausal or perimenopausal period can lead to a decrease in bone mineral density.

Bone Density and Dental Concerns

Bone-Density-and-Dental-Concerns How Osteoporosis Is Related to Dental Health

While the hips, spine, and wrists are more commonly afflicted, osteoporosis can have a major impact on the jawbone, which supports the teeth. Reduced bone mass is likely to increase the risk of tooth loss and jaw mobility. Lower jaw bone density caused by osteoporosis can also result in additional gum and dental issues, such as periodontitis. Osteoporosis patients are more likely to experience difficulties associated with loose or ill-fitting dentures as a result.

Periodontitis and Bone Health

Periodontitis-and-Bone-Health How Osteoporosis Is Related to Dental Health
Periodontitis is a chronic gum infection that impacts the alveolar, a portion of the bone that supports the teeth. Harmful bacteria and a weakened immune system impairs the alveolar bone by breaking down the bone and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. It loosens the teeth, resulting in eventual tooth loss.

Although periodontitis is a well-documented cause of tooth loss, the link between periodontitis and osteoporosis is not completely clear. However, reduced bone density, which can potentially leave the jawbone susceptible to periodontitis-causing bacteria, will often lead to tooth loss.

How Dental Implants Stop Further Bone Loss

Dental-Implants How Osteoporosis Is Related to Dental Health

If you are taking medication for osteoporosis, it’s crucial to continue dental treatment to prevent further loss of jawbone density. Delaying treatment may result in further complications involving the bones and surrounding tissues.

While dentures can replace missing teeth, dental implants provide an effective long-term solution to tooth loss. Implants replace the root of the tooth and preserve the jawbone. A titanium abutment is inserted inside the jawbone and to the root of the tooth. Over time, the bone attaches itself to the post and the dentist inserts a dental crown to substitute the natural tooth. Dental implants can restore and maintain your natural face shape and smile.

If you are experiencing tooth loss, call Simcoe Smile Dental in Oshawa at (905) 728-2321 to schedule an appointment. We can also be reached by email at smile@simcoesmiledental.com or info@drtodddental.com.

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